Flashcards: Critical Non-Science Vocabulary


Present in large quantities
The way something seems to be (although it may not really be as it seems).
The amount that can be contained
To come together
Happening again and again and again in a repeating pattern.
A low point.
Amount of water flowing in a stream in a specific amount of time. e.g.: gallons per minute
To move apart.
A long period of time without rain.
The period of time for an event to occur
To squeeze through a small opening.
How often an event occurs.
Cannot be penetrated.
A boundary where two different things (materials) meet.
Making even. Eliminating highs and lows.
Of or near the ocean
Able to be penetrated
Main or Most Important
To give off or emit
Rate or Gradient
Place of origin. Where something came from.
Difference between 2 points.
A series of steps intended to achieve a result.
Containing empty spaces.
Range or variation.
Of or from the Earth
Playing a role or causing a result
All the same
To decrease or go down.
What something is made of.
Most frequent or common
To squeeze and make smaller
The order in which things occur
Slope or Rate
To fall
Able to be disolved (in water or other liquid)
Arranged in groups according to common characteristics.
To rise or go up
Magnitude or concentration
A long, deep ditch
To cause to separate and go in different directions
Changeable - Likely to change rapidly
Abundant: 'Mars is dry but on Earth water is abundant.'
Apparent: 'Looking down from the top of the tall building, people have the apparent size of ants.'
Arid: 'Deserts have an arid climate'
Capacity: 'The capacity of the soda bottle is 2 litres.'
Converge: 'Millions of people converge on Times Square on New Year's Eve.'
Cyclic: 'The revolution of the Earth around the Sun is a cyclic event.'
Depression: 'Since water flows downhill it will collect in a depression'
Discharge: 'The rate of discharge of the river increased after a heavy rain.'
Diverge: 'As Bob went left and Bill went right their paths diverged.'
Drought: 'The farmers feared that a drought would destroy their crops'
Duration: 'The duration of one Earth rotation is 24 hours.'
Extrude: 'In the morning I extrude toothpaste onto my toothbrush'
Frequency: 'The frequency of a full moon is once every 29.5 days.'
Impermeable: 'Plastic bottles are impermeable to water.'
Interface: 'A front is an interface between a mass of warm air and a mass of cold air'
Leveling: 'Erosion and deposition are leveling forces. Erosions wears away the high points while deposition fills in the low points.'
Magnitude: 'The magnitude of the explosion was far greater than had been expected.'
Maritime: 'Canada's maritime provinces all border the Atlanic Ocean.'
Permeable: 'The window screen was permeable to air but not to flies'
Predominant: 'The dollar is the predominant currency in use today'
Radiate: 'Because he never bathed the boy radiated a foul odor'
Resistance: 'The rock was resistant to the forces of erosion because it was so hard'
Slope: 'The skiier went down the hill at a great rate of speed because the slope was so steep'
Source: 'The Comstock mine was a source of silver in the old west'
Range: 'The temperature here has a range of from 90F in summer to 20F on winter.'
Process: 'Erosion is a process that results in the wearing away of rock.'
Porous: 'The porous foam insulation contained numerous spaces filled with air'
Spectrum: 'The class represented a spectrum of heights from short to very tall'
Terrestrial: 'Since I was born on Earth I am a terrestrial organism'
Factor: 'Being near a body of water is a factor that affects the climate of a region'
Uniform: 'All diamonds have a uniform hardness of 10 on Moh's scale'
Descend: 'As air descends the leeward side of a mountain it's temperature increases'
Composition: 'The composition of a salt molecule is a sodium and a chlorine atom'
Prevailing: 'Hundreds of years ago the prevailing theory of planetary motion was the geocentric model'
Compact/Compaction: 'As more and more snow falls it's weight compacts the snow beneath it.'
Sequence: 'The sequence of events in the formation of a sedimentary rock are burial, compaction, and cementation'
Gradient: 'The coffee cooled rapidly as could be seen by the steep gradient of the graph.'
Precipitate: 'When the droplets of water in the clouds become too heavy for the air to support they precipitate'
Soluble: 'Salt is highly soluble in water'
Sorted: 'The beads could be sorted by color or by size'
Ascend: 'As air ascends through the troposphere it's temperature decreases'
Intensity: 'As winds and rain increased it became clear that the storm was growing in intensity'
Trench: 'A trench was dug in which the sewer pipe would be buried'
Scatter: 'Molecules of air scatter light by reflecting it in random directions'
Unstable: 'Fronts are places where unstable air causes rapid changes in weather'